Aquaculture or Aquafarming is the farming of fin fish, shellfish and aquatic plants and is the fastest growing food supply sector in the world. Aquaculture is to live stock farming as commercial fishing is to hunting. Farming implies human involvement in the process and includes such activities as stocking, feeding, and protection from predators.
Feeding the world’s ever-expanding population requires new thinking about sources of food, particularly protein. Fish process calories (energy) more efficiently than mammals and requiring less food, less land and less fresh water to yield the same amount of protein.
“From the point of view of an ecological footprint, aquaculture does very well compared to terrestrial animal food production systems,” said Arni M. Mathiesen, Assistant Deputy-General of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Department of the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). http://www.thefishsite.com/fishnews/25232/aquaculture-the-most-promising-method-of-meeting-food-needs/
Meanwhile, natural fish stocks are under strain as modern commercial fishing technology has advanced. Some argue that improvements in the efficiency of the fleets have outpaced the ability of fish to reproduce and replenish themselves. Fish Farming/Aquaculture is viewed as one of the solutions to this problem.
Experts agree that Aquaculture must be practiced responsibly if we are to fully realize the benefits without damaging our natural fisheries and other marine environments. Fine tuning of feed to the appetite of the fish creates efficiencies and limits the impacts of unconsumed feed accumulating on the sea bed. Rapid identification and removal of sick or dead fish, limits the spread of disease to the rest of the school. Maintaining the security of the farm’s nets or cages protects the stock and prevents escape of farmed fish into the wild.
Aquabotix provides innovative ROV solutions for aquaculture. In February 2015, the HydroView Professional was in Chile performing net inspection, monitoring of stock, mort searches and mooring inspections. Video recorded by the HydroView during these tasks will be posted soon.